Today, steel is one of the most important industrial materials. The steel industry supplies intermediate products such as hot wide strips, forging parts, sheet metal, rails, long products, wire and pipes which are then processed further to make end products.
The fire hazard in the steel industry is immense. The warm and cold strip plants, welding machines, central control and hydraulics rooms, oil cellars, cable channels and diverse coating and staining units - all of these branches contain high risks. Production machines are particularly exposed to high risk of fire through oil or other flammable liquids and sediments together with hot components and electric ignition sources. Moreover, high risk results from significant unit related fire loads such as plastics, lines and oil storage. These could lead to service disruptions and production downtimes. Even a small fire could paralyze an entire plant with disastrous economic damage. Only adequate fire prevention measures can help avoid potentially fatal accidents effectively.
The high fire load in steel manufacturing facilities makes fire prevention a challenge, but with a combination of different fire extinguishing systems, optimal protection of production machines and processes can be achieved. When designing customised fire fighting systems, the various causes of fire as well as possible spread of fire should be taken into consideration.
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